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Wheat Growers Insights for Field and Farm

Posts tagged with "Agronomy"

Yield Data

Harvest is winding down and as we switch from those activities to planning for next year lets discuss yield data and some simple areas to start to make this more useful.
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Waterhemp Control

Waterhemp is a weed that can be found across our trade territory. This is a weed that produces seeds at such a high rate fields can go from "thinking we have waterhemp in them" to "covered end to end with it."
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Think Fall for Spring Weed Control

Fall is the perfect time to start weed control on problem fields. If you are encountering kochia or marestail issues especially plan a program to start this fall to get ahead of these weeds.
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Analyzing your herbicide program

The combine seat always gives us a good view of the results from the decisions made during the year. Weed control is always at the top of the list as we roll into harvest and then make plans for next year.
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Early-Planted Corn & Cold Weather Risks

The forecast for the week beginning April 24, 2017 certainly looks to a continuation of the below normal temperatures. One question is whether corn planting should continue or whether we are better off holding off now for a few days. Chilling injury to corn should be considered and corn monitored.
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Is your crop's plate full? And maybe even a data card?

As we approach the upcoming holiday weekend, I'm reminded that we do have a lot to be thankful for in our industry. The opportunity to daily work towards producing tremendous crops and high-quality produce to feed the hungry world is an awe-inspiring thing.

As we approach and
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Variety Selection and Early Seed Planning for 2017

Fairly soon, we will be entering the time of the year to look ahead to 2017 and begin making variety selections for the upcoming growing season. As I have mention in previous blogs, take some time late in the is growing season to critically review your current variety selections for both corn
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What’s The Deal with Glyphosate? Being Sure To Look At “Apples to Apples”

I have heard some of our agronomists and staff talking a lot about different glyphosate offerings for 2016. It seems that every generic supplier out there has their version of glyphosate to sell. There are different “types” of glyphosate on the market- different salts of the
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Northern Corn Leaf Blight

Below is a link to an excellent article on Northern Corn Leaf Blight. This disease, along with Gray Leaf Spot, is a disease of concern in Iowa. It has been a resurging disease in recent years, and is a disease to keep an eye out for. I am not aware of issues in our northern area corn, but it
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Improper Downforce and Planting Depth

Maintaining a planter and making sure you have proper downforce is essential to placing seeds at the proper depth.
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Planter Section Control

Make sure your planter section control is set up properly to avoid unnecessary skips and overlaps.
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Spring Planter Preparation

Spring is right around the corner. Is your planter ready?
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Late Season Corn Health

This is a fun time of the year when you can go into your corn fields and start to evaluate what to expect when the combine arrives.
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White Mold

Looking ahead a little, R1 soybeans are not that far away in some of the area. I know that additional inputs on soybean are hard to think about right now, given the already increased cost of herbicide programs for the year. However, the continued wet weather and the cooler temps we are seeing,
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Frost Effects on Alfalfa

Frost damage should not be lethal to alfalfa.  Alfalfa, if established at all, has a lot of growing points, and even if the primary bud is damaged, the secondary buds will take over and resume growth. There is some delay in growth expected as the plants recover and first cutting yield may
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Pre-Emergence Herbicides

Ready… Set… GO!! The planting season is upon us! I know that we are all getting very busy with fertilizer and herbicide applications. I can't emphasize enough the need for early season weed control- pre-plant, pre-emergence or early post-emergence.
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Rotation Restrictions

One topic to consider when making your weed control plans is the rotation restrictions of herbicides. Not only do you want to verify that it is safe to plant this year’s intended crop, but plan ahead for your rotation and make sure residual herbicides don't keep you from a desired
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2014 Drainage & Water Management Workshops

The SDSU, NDSU, and University of Minnesota Extension services will be hosting another series of drainage design and water management workshops in 2014.

Registration is now available at the link provided below, with four 2-day workshops to choose from (see list below). The early
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Fall Residual Herbicides - Not too late, actually just right!

Lately, a common question has been raised - Is it too late to spray a fall-applied residual herbicide ahead of soybeans (or corn for that matter)? The answer is that now is still a PERFECT TIME to spray, if you can. The ideal soil temperatures to spray fall residuals are below 50 F and
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Corn Diseases and Control

I have recently looked at many corn fields and in general, they look really good! I have started to see a little common corn rust across the region. Although I have not found other foliar fungal diseases, like Eyespot, Gray Leaf Spot, Northern Corn Leaf Blight or Northern Corn Leaf Spot, these
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Corn Fungicides - Protecting the great crop out there!

The 2013 crop production season seems to have been a whirlwind of activity- from late and compressed planting to the various weather events we have experienced. In spite of uneven crop growth, driving around the regions recently, there are a lot of REALLY GOOD fields out there! There is
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Yield Contest Deadlines Fast Approaching!

NCGA Yield Contest Deadline July 12th!
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Soybean Pre Herbicides and Rain Delays

The following table is a quick reference for most of the soybean pre-emergence herbicides listing the latest allowable application window.  A good “rule of thumb” I heard from an industry rep is that if we have an inch of soil between the emerging crook of the soybean and the
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Mother Nature is Messin' with Corn Pre Herbicide Applications

You know the Jack Links beef jerky add campaign “Messin’ with Sasquatch”? Well, Mother Nature is messin’ with corn pre herbicide applications. Upper twenties for temps yesterday morning were one thing, but around 20 this morning is another. Nearly all of the weeds that
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Corn Planting 2013: Preemergence Herbicides and COLD Weather

Even though field conditions may be suitable to begin field work, temperatures may not be ideal for effective weed control. The best advice is to delay burndown until warm temperatures occur and remain warm.
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Controlling Kochia

With many areas having confirmed glyphosate resistant kochia, all fields need to be managed as if kochia is glyphosate resistant. The key for kochia control is timing. Be early with applications and don't allow kochia to grow. As you can see in the attached picture, kochia is just starting
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Spring is here! Finally!

If you were like me, you had to wonder - would this day ever come!!  Looks like we are ready to roll at least for a while on fertilizer spreading.  Let's all take our time and do the right job while being safe. 

Speaking of fertilizer - our thoughts and
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Winter Wheat Showing Signs of Life

It is finally possible to see some winter wheat in the area breaking dormancy. Most winter wheat was planted in less than ideal soils last fall. Wheat, like in the picture, that has very few tillers will need nitrogen as early as possible to promote early growth and tillering.
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Resistant Weed Management

There are a few key things to remember when making plans for resistant weeds before spring. The first is to be proactive. Whether you know you have problem weeds, or are unsure, you should start to manage your acres like you do have a problem. Proactive management is the best way to get out in
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Drainage Design and Water Management Workshops

The SDSU, NDSU, and University of Minnesota Extension Services will be hosting another series of drainage design and water management workshops in 2013. The workshops will focus on planning and design of agricultural tile drainage systems to meet both profitability and environmental
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Phosphorus: Early Availability Critical

Corn determines its maximum yield potential at stage V-5, or so. It turns out that available phosphorus, in the form of phosphate (P2O5), within the seedlings rooting zone, is one of the key factors for determining yield. While ample supplies of phosphorus, applied either in furrow or placed 2
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Winter Wheat Planting - Is it too late?

Rains for the past couple of dates have raised questions of whether it is still OK to plant winter wheat. The answer is this: Agronomically speaking, we are still OK, so it depends on the risk you are willing to absorb.  Optimal planting dates for winter wheat in South Dakota are
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Residual Soil Nutrients - A Golden Opportunity

Some fall soil tests are coming back showing significant levels of residual nitrogen and possibly other crop nutrients due to drought conditions and lower than expected crop growth across much of the Wheat Growers service territory.  While residual nutrients can be looked at as a bonus,
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Variable Rate Fertilizer and Zone Soil Testing

Today I sat down to work on variable rate fertilizer maps and I stumbled onto a field that pronounces the importance of variable rate fertilizer and zone soil testing. I ran into a few things that everyone should be aware of. This is happening in almost all of the fields that I help
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Potassium Deficiencies

Potassium (K) deficiency in corn has become more prevalent in the area. Potassium is essential in a plant for water uptake and photosynthesis. Potassium is as immobile nutrient in the soil and should be managed accordingly. The deficiencies I am noticing are taking place in two specific areas
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Change is Coming

We all know that change is inevitable. There is increasing public concern about the role of crop nutrients, such as chemical fertilizer or manure, as it pertains to water quality from the local and regional levels to the international level. Public policy is likely to affect our fertilizer
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Current Soil Tests Vital to Profitability

A two or three year old soil test is no longer adequate for several reasons. While an extremely rough estimate can be made by subtracting crop nutrient removal and adding fertilizer values, it is an approximation at best. Crop yields, increased nutrient removal rates by current
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More Solutions to Soil Compaction

After we started to understand the soil compaction talked about in my previous blog entry, we started to investigate other stressed fields, as well as a few less stressed. Our findings amazed us! We continued to use the excavator to dig root pits looking for soil compaction and discovered very
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2012 Weather Likely to Affect 2013 Yields

Are you ready for a ride on the yield roller coaster? It’s almost a sure bet that if we have sufficient snowfall and rain over the coming months that many of us will be surprised by our yields again. Next season some of us may be pleasantly surprised with higher than expected yields
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Compacted Soil

This harvest season I have found a few things that I thought would never be true. A few of the producers I work with noticed a significant yield reduction in certain fields that we assumed was due to high levels of salt or just poor ground. With curiosity, I went out into these fields with a
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Making Seed Choices

This summer's weather has some areas harvesting a great crop while others are looking at below average results. Often times the two extremes are taking place in close proximity to one another. As you look to make seed choices for next year evaluate hybrid performance on soils, farming
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Wheat Growers Plot Day August 24th

Wheat Growers will be having plot tours on Friday August 24th at plots throughout our trade area. This is a great time to compare seed choices as well as discuss other agronomy questions with your agronomist. Contact your local agronomist for more information and to find the
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Winter Wheat Supply

Do you have your winter wheat seed needs covered?
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Estimating Corn Yield

The current corn crop is getting far enough along to get out and start to make some preliminary yield estimates and notice some trends.
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Tech Tips: Cereal Aphid Issues and Wheat Disease Control

We are receiving reports of aphids and potential issues of Barley Yellow Dwarf (BYD) showing up in wheat in SD. There are several aphid species that can be present across the Wheat Growers service area in wheat fields, but the target species right now for Barley Yellow Dwarf virus (BYDV)
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Starter Fertilizer Mixing

When mixing multiple products in with your starter fertilizer be sure to make sure all the products you are adding are compatible. Products that are labeled for mixing with starter fertilizer usually have no problems, but adding multiple products in one mix can lead to
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Surprise - Spring is here!

Does summer come next?
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Managing for Fallow Syndrome

Water logged fields from 2011 should be managed for the possibility of fallow syndrome in 2012. Fallow syndrome is a result of water logged fields having little or no plant growth. The lack of plant growth reduces the population of healthy fungi in the soil. The reduction in these
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Residual Herbicide Rates

With the early spring, and now a good shot of rain, it is a good idea to make sure you are applying the proper rates of residual herbicides. Half rate pre emerge programs that have worked in the past, when a shorter window of control was needed, may not provide enough
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Wheat Growers’ Chamberlain Location Wins Top Environmental Award

Wheat Growers’ Chamberlain location has been honored with a Regional DuPont Environmental Respect Award. This award is the agriculture industry’s highest recognition for environmental stewardship among U.S. agricultural retailers.
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Rainfall total for March

I have set up a rain gauge and will keep track and post local rainfall totals for the growing season at the Wolsey Terminal. For the month of March we received 1.08 inches of precipitation at the terminal. 


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Spring is Approaching fast - Increased Acres?

With spring approaching fast, visit with your sales agronomist to make sure you have a plan put together for all your inputs, especially seed and fertilizer.  With what looks like many acres coming back into production from previous years, make sure you have seed to cover those
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Fertilizer - Is it too late?

Some thoughts this morning as we have just concluded a meeting with all our Sales Agronomists:

Surveys show that about 35% of the farmers in our trade territory still need to finish purchasing their fertilizer for this year's crop.  That adds up to a bunch of
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Calibrate Your Corn Planter

Well it's March 1st and everyone is starting to think about hooking up their planters and seeing what needs to be done to get ready for the planting season. But after this last snow I am sure the itch to pull the planter out and park it in middle of the yard to
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Soil Sample Summary for 2011

Here is a link to Ag Vise Laboratories summary of samples from 2011.
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Feed your Soybeans

Don't forget about your soybeans this fall in your fertility program. Phosphorus is the main nutrient to keep and eye on with soybeans in our area. One bushel of soybeans will remove 0.75 lbs of P2O5. So 40 bushel soybeans will need about 60 lbs of 11-52-0 to replace what has been removed.
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Last Chance Before Freeze up Soil Samples

Now is a good time to be talking with your sales agronomist about Soil Sampling.  Whether its MZB sampling or Geo-reference sampling, this fall is a great time to get soil sampling out of the way for spring application.  Soil Sampling  is also a great way to plan your
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Nutrient Content and Value of Corn Stalks

Baling corn stalks after harvest can provide livestock feed and bedding, but the value of the nutrients in the corn stalks that are removed should be considered. On average, 150 bushel corn will have around 3.5 tons of dry matter per acre. This corn stover will contain 20 lbs of
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Soybean Harvest Review

It would be difficult to break down the performance of every soybean in our area, but I will offer a few trends from soybean harvest.
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Applying Sulfur Fertilizer

One question that I commonly get asked this time of year is why do we need to apply sulfur when my soil tests indicate there is plenty available. The reason we apply sulfur to corn and wheat is to help meet the crop's sulfur needs early in the growing season when root development is
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Corn Starter Fertilizer Options

10-34-0 is the most common form of starter fertilizer in our area. The availiability of 10-34-0 has become increasingly difficult and some other options may need to be considered.
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Late Season Frost Effects on Corn and Soybeans

Cold temperatures last night across the territory could have affected yields in our corn, soybean and sunflower fields.
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